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Pinctada Margariterfira

Tahitian South Seal Pearls

  • Origin: French Polynesia
  • Species: Pinctada Margaritifera
  • Mollusk: Black Lipped Oyster
  • Shape: Baroque to Round
  • Colors: Silver, Black & Grey
  • Rarity: Very Rare
Tahitian pearls are the second most commercially farmed pearls in the world! Tahitian pearls have become some of the most sought-after, expensive pearls in the world. This black principle pearl-bearing mollusk is found in French Polynesia, Mexico Sea of Cortez, and South Pacific Islands. The Scientific and Common name Pinctada Margaritifera Cumingii, Common Name Black-Lipped Mollusk.

The Value Factors of Owning Tahitian Pearls

Because of their vast color range, matching these pearls into a finished strand is an enormous task requiring thousands of loose pearls to create a single strand. Tahitian pearls are bead-nucleated, as akoya pearl nacre is very thick. The thinnest nacre right now allowed by law in French Polynesian for export is 0.8 mm. This would be considered a large depth by akoya standards.

What are the distinctive characteristics of Tahitian Pearls?

Tahitian Pearls can are associated with rich exotic colors and exotic names such as Peacock which display a play of color dark green-gray to blue-gray body color with pink to purple overtones (rośe), a color that is often highly valued. Aubergine is a dark grayish purple body color and beautiful Pistachio is a greenish yellow overtone. One can be excited to hear “poe rava” to describe a Tahitian pearl which could mean that the pearl has a dark iridescent overtone, is Peacock in color or deep black pearls. Gray and Black colors are the most commonly used by the GIA system. The lusters of Tahitian Pearls can display a beautiful metallic sheen which give them an exotic look and overtone. Some overtones can have intensity almost like neon lights.

Tahitian Pearls in Gem On Jewelry, LLC

Tahitian pearls in jewelry are truly stunning and can create some the most unique designs! A necklace containing clean and round 14mm excellent matched Aubergine colored pearls can be absolutely beautiful. Many mixed pearls colors and with other gems offer a more affordable design. Baroque and Keshi shapes also offer very unique beauty with one of a kind. Gem On offers Tahitian Pearls pendants either on .925 silver or 14kt white gold for a precious piece you will cherish forever.

Regional Differences

Tahitian Cultured Pearls vs. Cook Island Cultured Pearls are each from different mollusk. The name “Tahitian Cultured Pearls” is only reserved for Tahitian black-lipped mollusk in French Polynesia. Cook Island cultured pearls use the same type mollusk and same features from Polynesia but are associated with New Zealand. Although these pearls are produced by the same mollusk and have the same features, they are not considered true “Tahitian cultured pearls.”

Sea of Cortez

The pearls from the Sea of Cortez are P. Margaritifera come from Bacochibampo Bay in Sea of Cortz near Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico. It is the only commercial farm in the America that produce whole cultured pearls. Body colors come in silver-gray, brown, “golden” and dark gray with violet, pink, purple, “golden” blue or green overtones and are not treated. (The G.I.E. French Polynesian government instpectors verify and check each pearl for export. It must have .8mm of nacre covering 80% of its surface as minimum standards. Those not meeting these standards are destroyed for export. Most Tahitian pearls measure between 9-14mm, most common diameters. About 40% of Tahitian cultured pearls are round or near round. 23% of Tahitian cultured pearls are circled with a natural appeal and make some interesting jewelry designs)